What are the Issues in the Education System of Pakistan?

Story Highlights
  • Societal norms
  • Gender inequality
  • Financial issues
  • Technical lacking

Pakistan has pledged to increase national literacy and education levels via domestic education programs and participation in international education commitments. Although Pakistan has made significant strides toward universal primary education, there are still significant gaps in academic achievement between public and private schools and rural and urban areas.

Schools’ wide range of teaching quality contributes to these disparities. Uneven distribution of instructors across schools, teacher absenteeism, poor teacher accountability, and a lack of training opportunities and incentive systems are only some of the problems that plague the education system.

A look at the Pakistani educational system shows that not much has changed since the 18th Amendment made access to education a constitutional guarantee in 2010. There is still a pervasive issue with access, quality, infrastructure, and opportunity disparity.

There have been considerable improvements in the number of new teachers hired since 2019, yet the shortage of qualified educators continues to hurt student achievement.

Some issues of the education system in Pakistan are as follows:

Societal norms

It is essential to recognize that the difficulties in delivering education arise from more than the inadequacies of government administration; some of the underlying reasons reside in the social and cultural beliefs of the people.

Gender inequality

Poverty, cultural hurdles, parental illiteracy, and family fears about the safety and mobility of daughters are some of the key challenges that hinder the enrollment rates of females. The difference in enrollment rates between rural and urban males is just 10%, whereas the difference between rural and urban female enrollment rates is 45%.

Financial issues

Despite the increased cost of attendance, private schools are almost exclusively located in areas of better socioeconomic status. However, even though they ensure that everyone has access to education, public schools do not provide quality education to their students.

Technical lacking

 Pakistan’s technical and vocational education system has not received enough funding. There is a lack of adequate vocational and technical training facilities, and many schools lack the necessary resources, including classroom space, qualified instructors, and equipment. Therefore, the government should give technical education its full attention.

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