Pakistan

Pakistan’s 7th Population and Housing Census 2023: Key Insights and Implications

The approval of the results of Pakistan’s 7th Population and Housing Census by the Council of Common Interests (CCI) marks a significant milestone in the nation’s demographic understanding. The digital nature of this census, using Geographic Information System (GIS) technology, underscores its importance as the largest digitization project in South Asia.

Population Overview

The 7th Population and Housing Census reveals that Pakistan’s total population now stands at 241.49 million, reflecting a growth rate of 2.55%. This data provides a crucial snapshot of the country’s demographic landscape and is a foundation for informed policy-making and resource allocation.

Provincial Distribution

The census data unveils the distribution of population among Pakistan’s provinces. Punjab emerges as the most populous province, with 127.68 million inhabitants, experiencing a growth rate of 2.53%. Sindh follows with a population of 55.69 million, growing at a rate of 2.57%. Meanwhile, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’s population stands at 40.85 million, and Balochistan’s population is 14.89 million, with growth rates of 2.38% and 3.2%, respectively.

Urban-Rural Dynamics

The census results shed light on the urban-rural divide within the country. Pakistan’s population is predominantly rural, with 61.18% residing in rural areas and 38.82% in urban centers. This distribution varies significantly across provinces. While Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is predominantly rural (84.99%), Sindh, Punjab, and Balochistan show varying degrees of urbanization, with urban populations ranging from 30.96% in Balochistan to 53.70% in Sindh.

Urbanization Patterns

The census data provides insights into the level of urbanization in major cities. Islamabad, the capital, has a population of 2.36 million, of which 46.90% is urban, and 53.10% is rural. These figures highlight the ongoing urbanization trend in Pakistan’s capital.

Implications for Policy and Planning

The comprehensive data from the 7th Population and Housing Census holds implications for various sectors, including healthcare, education, infrastructure, and social services. As provinces grapple with differing population growth rates and urban-rural dynamics, policymakers can use this data to develop targeted strategies that address specific regional needs.

Digital Census and GIS Technology

The use of GIS Technology allowed officials to capture demographic information based on geographic locations, create maps illustrating population distribution, growth rates, urbanization patterns, and make informed decisions regarding resource allocation and policy development. This digitalisation of census enhanced the accuracy, transparency, and efficiency of the data collection and analysis process, paving the way for evidence-based governance and planning. This digital approach sets a precedent for future data collection initiatives and reinforces Pakistan’s commitment to harnessing technology for socio-economic development.


The approval of the 7th Population and Housing Census results by the Council of Common Interests provides invaluable insights into Pakistan’s demographic landscape. This data is a foundational resource for evidence-based policy formulation and planning, enabling the government to address the diverse needs of different provinces and regions. The digital nature of the census, coupled with the use of GIS technology, exemplifies Pakistan’s determination to leverage innovation for effective governance and development.

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