Pakistan Urges International Consensus for UN Security Council Reform

Pakistan’s UN Ambassador, Munir Akram, has called on the international community to seek the widest possible consensus for reforming the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). In his address to the Intergovernmental Negotiations Framework (IGN) meeting, Ambassador Akram urged against arbitrary changes to the UNSC and advocated for a patient and inclusive process to ensure equitable representation and reform.

The IGN is a group of nation-states working within the United Nations to reform the Council and comprises several international organizations like the African Union, the Arab League, and the Uniting for Consensus (UfC) group. Pakistan is a leading member of the UfC group of nations.

Impact of Arbitrary Changes

Ambassador Akram emphasized that any arbitrary changes to the UNSC could further destabilize an already fragile global order. He pointed out that the IGN process “offers the best avenue” to agree on the “equitable representation and reform of the Security Council.” Pakistan’s position is that the process must be driven by member states and involve patient exchanges, mutual accommodation, and compromise to broaden convergence areas and reduce divergence points.

Pakistan’s Position on Reforms

The Pakistani envoy noted that the revised elements paper of the IGN’s co-chairs reflected their understanding of the convergences and divergences among member states on the issue of UNSC reforms. However, he opposed attempts to transform this paper into “a basis for negotiations,” emphasizing the need to seek the widest possible majority of member states to evolve a model for reform that can be accepted by all.

Ambassador Akram stated that the UfC, which includes Pakistan, “continues to oppose any attempt to attribute positions in the elements paper.” Besides the UfC, the Arab and the African groups, several other individual member states, including some permanent members of the UNSC, had called for a prior agreement on the principles of the reform before proceeding to text-based negotiations.

Potential for Consensus

The IGN paper acknowledged that the expansion of the category of two-year term non-permanent members is accepted by all member states. However, there is no convergence on the creation of new permanent members. There is a potential compromise between the proposals for permanent members and two-year non-permanent seats, which is the option of longer-term or re-electable non-permanent seats as offered by the UfC.

The envoy emphasized that the reform of the Security Council should redress the existing imbalances in regional representation, adding to the representation of under-represented regions and reducing, or at least not adding to, the representation of over-represented regions.


Ambassador Akram stressed that the reform of the Security Council must be driven by the principle of democracy and seek solutions that garner the widest political acceptance by member states. The aim should be to achieve the widest possible acceptance, which means consensus. Pakistan’s position is that only through patient exchanges, mutual accommodation, and compromise can the widest possible majority of member states agree on the equitable representation and reform of the Security Council.

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