Other fields in Biological Sciences

Story Highlights
  • Biology
  • Opportunities in Pakistan
  • How to pursue the opportunities

Pakistan’s obsession with obtaining a medical degree is absurd. Although such devotion is typical in many houses, it often goes unseen and unheard. The struggle to pass medical entrance exams isn’t only an intellectual pursuit; with so many expectations at stake, it’s also an effort to please society. Where engineering students are made aware of the various fields in the future that they can pursue, the life of a pre-medical student revolves entirely around becoming a doctor.

Every year, thousands of students in Pakistan take the exams needed to get into one of the country’s many medical schools. The real trouble begins when most of them fail to secure a seat. Due to the lack of counseling, students are left confused, afraid, and mostly unaware of other career opportunities they can avail themselves. To pursue other fields apart from medicine, students need to be made aware of the true essence of biological sciences and the doors they never realized they could knock on.


Biology studies how life is connected to other species and their environment. It looks at how living things came to be, how they changed over time, how they are put together, and how they do their jobs. Biologists may study cells in a lab, insects in the tropical rainforest, viruses that affect humans, plants in a greenhouse, or animals in a zoo, among other things.

Opportunities in Pakistan

The biological sciences have a great deal of room to grow in Pakistan. Students may enter the fields of academia and research in a wide range of settings, including those associated with the government, multinational corporations, and the food and feed sectors. Pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, bioinformatics, contract research, the food industry, water conservation, gene therapy, climate change, and the chemical industry are among the most dynamic and job-creating sectors.

How to pursue the opportunities

Some non-research careers may need a bachelor’s degree or a formal sixteen years of schooling. Upon graduation, some students can work as lab technicians, biology instructors at the high school level, or research assistants. Independent research, industry research, college/University teaching, and administrative employment need a Ph.D. in biology or one of its specialized fields. For certain positions in product development, management, or inspection, a master’s degree is sufficient.

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