Most Corrupt Institutions in Pakistan: Police and Judiciary, Says TIP Report

A new report by Transparency International Pakistan (TIP) has revealed that the police, the judiciary, and the tendering and contracting process are the top three most corrupt institutions in Pakistan.

The report, titled National Corruption Perception Survey 2023 (NCPS 2023), was released on Saturday and is based on the views of 1,600 respondents from all four provinces, who were asked about their experiences and perceptions of corruption in various sectors and institutions.

According to the report, the police are the most corrupt institution in Pakistan, followed by tendering and contracting, and the judiciary. The education and health departments are ranked as the fourth and fifth most corrupt institutions, respectively.

The report also shows that the average expenditure on bribery was the highest for the judiciary (Rs25,846), followed by the police (Rs21,186) and the health department (Rs16,000). The respondents from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) reported paying the highest bribe to access the judiciary (Rs162,000), while those from Balochistan reported paying the highest bribe to access the health department (Rs160,000).

The report further reveals that 68% of Pakistanis believe that the accountability institutions, such as the National Accountability Bureau (NAB), the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA), and the Anti-Corruption Establishments (ACEs), are used for political victimisation. Moreover, 60% of Pakistanis think that these institutions should be abolished as they have failed to control corruption.

The report also highlights the link between corruption and environmental degradation, as 62% of Pakistanis consider corruption and unethical practices as contributing factors to the worsening of climate change effects in Pakistan. Additionally, 67% of Pakistanis feel that the provincial and local governments do not take their views into account while shaping climate policies and actions.

The report also indicates that 76% of Pakistanis have never filed any Right to Information (RTI) request, which shows a low level of awareness and use of this tool to promote transparency and accountability.

The report also suggests some measures to curb corruption in Pakistan, such as ensuring the disclosure of assets of public officials on their websites, resolving corruption cases in 30 days by the accountability courts, addressing the lack of merit and the misuse of state institutions by the bureaucracy, expanding services for bonded laborers, and establishing a National Referral Mechanism (NRM) to identify and refer trafficking victims to services.

The report also urges the government to take concrete action with a holistic and effective anti-corruption plan that addresses illicit financial flows and introduces safeguards for civic space.

The NCPS 2023 is the eighth survey conducted by TIP in the last 23 years to assess the level and frequency of corruption perceived by the Pakistani citizens. The survey was conducted from October 13 to October 31, 2023, through its partner organisations in all the four provinces.

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