Pakistan

How to protect yourself against Dengue?

Story Highlights
  • Dengue
  • Symptoms
  • Precautions

Personal and environmental measures against the Aedes mosquito may help in the battle against dengue disease.

Dengue

The dengue virus, which causes dengue fever, is spread via the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. These are some of the symptoms associated with dengue fever:

  • Fever
  • Excruciating pain in the brain
  • Hurts all over
  • hurting joints
  • Not feeling hungry
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Flare-ups of the skin, and
  • internal bleeding (mucosa)

To prevent dengue fever from spreading in your home, you should do the following:

  1. Beware mosquito bites by taking precautions. 
  2. Remove any standing water around your property to reduce mosquito populations. 
  3. Stay away from swamps and other mosquito-infested locations.

Take these precautions if you reside in a dengue cluster*, plan to travel to a dengue cluster*, or are otherwise exposed to mosquitoes:

  1. First, put on some mosquito spray, preferably one that has DEET.
  2. Use enough to cover the skin and clothes that will be exposed. Could you not use it as a body lotion? 
  3. Keep it away from areas of your skin that are damaged or sensitive.
  4. Avoid getting it in your eyes or mouth, and use a little touch around your ears. 
  5. Never aim a spray bottle toward your face. Just spray some on your palms and then rub them all over your face. Do some hand washing afterward. 
  6. Do not provide a repellant for a youngster to use. Apply some to your hands and then to the youngster if you use it on a young one. I wouldn’t recommend putting it on a kid’s hands. 
  7. Babies under two months old should not be exposed to insect repellant.
  8. Cover your arms and legs with long sleeves, leggings, or skirts.
  9. Protect yourself against mosquitoes by sleeping under a net.

Dengue is categorized as either “dengue without warning signals,” “dengue with warning indicators,” or “severe dengue” by the World Health Organization (WHO). Abdominal discomfort, prolonged vomiting, mucosal bleeding, lethargy, and fluid buildup are some warning symptoms that severe dengue may be on the horizon. Even without symptoms, dengue may progress rapidly to a life-threatening illness. Extreme cases of dengue fever, marked by severe symptoms, need for prompt emergency care, and hospitalization.

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