How Floods Can Affect the Agriculture Industry?

The devastating floods that struck Pakistan in 2022 caused the country’s agricultural industry and rural inhabitants to suffer catastrophic damage, resulting in the loss of a significant quantity of economically important crops, livestock, and infrastructure. The nation’s precarious position regarding its food supply has reached an emergency level.

It is predicted that flooded agricultural land in Pakistan will impact its economy and population. Rice, sugar, and wheat, with a combined market value of billions of dollars, have been ruined.

Flooding has caused extensive damage to large tracts of agriculture in dozens of districts throughout the provinces of Baluchistan, Sindh, and Punjab in Pakistan. The Indus River connects these provinces. The country may soon have food shortages if thousands of acres of farmland aren’t revitalized.

If the fields are not drained promptly, there is concern among farmers that they will not be able to cultivate winter crops, particularly wheat in Baluchistan.

The bulk of the land in Sindh is used during the summer (Kharif) season to cultivate rice, cotton, and sugarcane. It is estimated that the flooding caused the loss of 1.8 million tons of rice, which accounts for 80 percent of the rice production anticipated in Sindh.

There was a decrease in water that washed across areas of sugarcane and cotton. On the other hand, after the cotton crops had reached their mature stages, numerous bouts of extremely heavy daily rainfall virtually wiped out the whole crop in both zones (with cracked cotton balls). The government has warned about an imminent danger to the nation’s food supply as a direct result of the devastation of farms. Already dependent on its neighbors Afghanistan and Iran for its supply of tomatoes and onions, it may soon have to rely on these countries much more.

The estimated direct costs to crops and animals will have far less of an impact on the agricultural sector than the indirect expenses that will be incurred.

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