How Climate Change is Negatively Affecting Fruit Production Around the World?

Story Highlights
  • Unseasonal late frost is dangerous.
  • Floods and drought induce poor growth.
  • Extreme heat damages fruits indefinitely.
  • Pakistan is facing a Kinnow shortage.

Much ink has been spilled on climate change on every continent, but what effects does it have on fruit trees? A shift in weather patterns is nothing new. Every few thousand years or so, Earth has undergone a profound transformation. Plants and animals normally can develop and adapt to their environments. However, nature cannot keep up with the rapid pace of change in the modern world.

Climate change necessitates a shift in plant species or how plants are cared for. In the case of fruit trees, this is crucial. Over several generations, a fruit tree will undergo subtle but steady changes. But the accelerated deterioration of the environment is damaging fruits due to their inability to adapt to these changes. Some changes are addressed as follows: 

Unseasonal late frost is dangerous. 

Early springs and late frosts are an issue that may accompany climate change. Most fruit trees are deciduous, meaning they shed their leaves and become dormant throughout the winter.

In the first weeks of spring, fruit trees wake up from their winter sleep and begin to blossom. However, the fragile flowers might be killed by an unseasonal, late frost, ending any prospects of a bountiful crop for that year.

Floods and drought induce poor growth.

Droughts and floods of unprecedented severity are other consequences of climate change. As a result of these shifts, fruit trees are more vulnerable to things like bad weather growth, insects, fungi, and so on.

Extreme heat damages fruits indefinitely.

Weather extremes are another big problem brought on by global warming. Hotter temperatures are a real problem for farmers in hotter regions since they may roast the fruit on the tree.

Pakistan is facing a Kinnow shortage. 

When faced with new difficulties brought on by climate change and extreme weather events, all parties involved in kinnow production and exports have turned to the government for help. 

As a result of a severe lack of canal water and unseasonably high temperatures during the plants’ flowering stage, kinnow production has dropped by half this season. Due to uncertainty in canal water supply, the kinnow export target for this season has been reduced to around 250,000 tonnes. 

The horticultural products have suffered this year due to the high temperatures that have persisted despite the abundance of water. Heat stress during the flowering phase likely reduced kinnow output by 36% this year.

The reduction in kinnow shortage shows a danger to the nation’s favorite food items and the world. Thus, climate change needs to be addressed more seriously at household and commercial levels.

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