Life Style

Earthquake Effects & Predictions: Before, During and After

Earthquakes in Turkey and Syria have shattered the sense of security worldwide.

Earthquakes can occur without warning and cause significant damage to communities, buildings, and infrastructure. It is essential to be prepared for such an event and know what steps to take to protect yourself and others.

Before an Earthquake: Preparation and Planning:

  1. Know the hazards: Familiarize yourself with the specific earthquake hazards in your area, such as liquefaction, landslides, and tsunamis.
  2. Create an earthquake plan: Plan with your family and coworkers on what to do during and after an earthquake. Identify safe places in each room and plan to meet outside if the building is unsafe.
  3. Assemble an earthquake kit: Keep a supply of non-perishable food, water, first-aid supplies, a flashlight, and a battery-operated radio in a designated location.
  4. Secure heavy objects: Fasten shelves, cabinets, and other heavy objects to walls to prevent them from falling during an earthquake.
  5. Turn off gas: Teach family members how to turn off the gas, water, and electricity if necessary.

During an earthquake: What to do to stay safe:

  1. Drop, cover, and hold on: If an earthquake occurs, drop to the ground, take cover under a desk or table, and hold on until the shaking stops.
  2. Stay away from windows: Glass can break and cause injury, so it’s essential to stay away from windows and other glass objects.
  3. Evacuate if necessary: If you’re inside, evacuate the building taking care not to use elevators. If you’re outside, move away from buildings and power lines.
  4. Help others: If you’re able, provide first aid and assist others, especially the elderly and people with disabilities.
  5. Aftershocks: After the initial earthquake, aftershocks can occur, so stay alert and be prepared to drop, cover, and hold on again if necessary.

After an earthquake: What to do next:

  1. Check for injuries: Check yourself and others for injuries and provide first aid if necessary.
  2. Inspect your surroundings: Look for and report any damage or hazards, such as gas leaks, electrical hazards, or fallen power lines.
  3. Reunite with loved ones: If you were separated from family members or coworkers, reunite with them as soon as possible.
  4. Follow news and updates: Stay informed about the situation and follow official advice, such as evacuation orders or information about where to find shelter.
  5. Be prepared for aftershocks: Aftershocks can occur after an earthquake, so be prepared to take cover if necessary.

Earthquakes can be frightening and unpredictable, but being prepared and knowing what to do can help keep you and others safe. Take the time to familiarise yourself with the hazards in your area, create an earthquake plan, and assemble an earthquake kit. Follow the steps outlined above to stay safe and secure during and after an earthquake.

Back to top button