Do you know some endangered Pakistani Languages?

Story Highlights
  • Doomaki
  • Badeshi
  • Aer
  • Bhaya

Languages are doomed to die out irrevocably. Hundreds of them are now only remembered in the history, anthropology, and language books written in the past.

As the world becomes more globalized, languages are disappearing at a pace that has never been witnessed before. Everyone who cares about maintaining cultural and linguistic variety should recognize the gravity of the problem posed by the extinction of a language. Experts in linguistics believe that a significant portion of Pakistan’s 73 spoken languages is on the verge of extinction.

Here are a few languages that are currently under threat of being extinct 


Scholars refer to it as a “moribund” language since people no longer use it in everyday conversation.  To put it another way, a moribund language is on its last legs. This language will probably go extinct if nothing is done to preserve it. Only in Gilgit-Hunza, Baltistan’s Nagar, and Gilgit valleys can one hear the Domaaki language being spoken. Probably less than a thousand individuals can speak Dom, and the speakers of this language are on the decline. Similar to Shina, it has the potential to belong to the Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, or Indo-Aryan family of languages.


At this point, the language is referred to as “dormant.” An example of a dormant language is Latin because there are so few native speakers of the language, and it is only used for a limited number of purposes. In addition, the people who live in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa communities of Tret and Bishigram speak Badeshi as their main language, which is also spoken in the districts around Mansehra and Alai. As a result of the fact that some locals have claimed that their ancestors originated from the region of Badakhshan in Afghanistan, the term Badakhshi has been given to the language spoken there.


People who speak this language may be found in several villages in Sindh, the most notable of which are Hyderabad, Kot Ghulam Muhammad, and Kunri. It is stated that people of Aer origin reside in the Nawabshah area of Sindh, even though they live differently from the rest of the population there. The language known as Aer, which is part of the Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, and Indo-Aryan language families but is only spoken by a few hundred people, is considered to be in a “threatened” state because of its low speaker population. A language is regarded as endangered when the number of people fluent in that language among its native speakers decreases or when those people begin to speak another language instead. 


It is spoken in the Sindh region of Pakistan, namely in Hyderabad, Mirpurkhas, Kot Ghulam Muhammad, and Khipro. Other cities in the Sindh province also speak it. This language is thought to only have a few hundred native speakers remaining, placing it in the endangered category. Bhaya, like Marvari and Malvi, has origins in Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, and Indo-Aryan, and it shares several vocabularies with these languages.

These languages are just a few examples of languages that are dying. When no one uses a language anymore, it eventually dies. Linguists should take steps to record these languages and preserve them, or they will be lost forever.

Back to top button